The area around Admiral Hotel is packed with historical buildings and landmarks. Outside Admiral’s windows is the beautiful waterfront, and if you walk down it, you can see some of Denmark’s most beautiful attractions.
….that bus 66 departs from Sankt Annæ Plads, Skuespilhuset right to Tivoli? It couldn’t be easier to get to the city’s top attractions from Admiral Hotel.
The Queen’s residence and an architectural gem
After Christiansborg’s fire in 1794, where the Government Palace burned to the ground, the warehouse got an unexpected royal neighbour who moved to Amalienborg instead. Amalienborg Castle was built in the 1700s and is considered one of largest pieces of rococo architecture. It consists of four identical mansions – Christian VII’s mansion, Christian VIII’s mansion, Frederiks VIII’s mansion, and Christian IX’s mansion – scattered around an octagonal space. Amalienborg is Her Majesty the Queen’s main residence, and when the flag is raised, it means that the Queen is present.
… is a lady, who arouses strong emotions for many Danes. After an evening at a ballet performance featuring the beautiful dancer, Ellen Price (1878 – 1968), in the title role, the master brewer, Carl Jakobsen, was so taken by her that he commissioned a sculpture of her. The sculptor, Edvard Eriksen (1876 – 1959), was commissioned to create the sculpture of a mermaid, and it was unveiled in 1913 at Langelinie.
The statue, so closely associated with the fairytale by Hans Christian Andersen, has become world famous. The tale of the mermaid who sacrifices everything in order to be united with the handsome young prince on land, has enthralled audiences all over the world. Each morning and each evening, she rises from the water and from her stone, gazes longingly for her prince.
One of the most remarkable historic military complexes, the Citadel was constructed in 1662 – 1664 to complete the fortifications of Copenhagen.
It is one of the best preserved fortifications in Northern Europe and it was from this vantage point that, on April 2nd 1801, Crown Prince Frederik witnessed the bombardment of Copenhagen by the British Fleet under Lord Nelson’s command.
King Christian IV, Denmark’s “builder king”, laid the plans for a better fortification of the city, which was commenced in 1626 with the Sct. Annæ Skanse entrenchment, which was a forerunner of the Citadel.
In 1909, the sculptor Anders Bundgård created the Gefion Fountain, which is Copenhagen’s largest monument. The fountain illustrates the old Nordic saga about the goddess Gefion.
The story goes that Gefion was sent north, crossing the Øresund to Sweden, in order to acquire more land. King Gylfe of Sweden promised her all the land that she could plough. In Lotunheimen, she bore four sons to a giant and these she turned into oxen. After they had pulled the plough westward towards Odense, the land was deposited and Sealand was created.
A short walk along Toldbodgade will bring you to the attractions of Nyhavn – its wonderful atmosphere, the colourful buildings and the old vessels that are tied up here.
The harbour was excavated by Swedish prisoners of war between 1671 and 1673. The “Nyhavn Canal” was officially opened shortly thereafter by King Christian V.
In times past (not so long ago!), Nyhavn was one of the city’s most disreputable quarters with ale houses frequented mostly by sailors passing through – a clientele which attracted large numbers of ladies of leasure! Denmark’s most famous author, Hans Christian Andersen, lived at four different addresses in Nyhavn over a period of two decades and, for the observant, there is a small plaque on one of the houses in which he lived.
If you stand by the statue of King Frederik V in the Amalienborg Palace Square, with your back to the Marble Church, you will have a perfect view straight across the harbour to the Opera House.
The Opera House is home to Denmark’s national opera troupe and was officially opened by Queen Margrethe II on January 15th 2005. The Opera House project was the brainchild of Mærsk McKinney-Møller who engaged the architect Henning Larsen to design the building. McKinney-Møller then financed the construction and donated the Opera House to the people of Denmark.
The foundations of the Marble Church were laid in 1749 and, as part of the King Frederik V’s development of Frederiksstaden in the mid-17th century, the construction of the Marble Church was placed in the hands of the Royal Master Builder, Nicolai Eigtved. The church’s official name is – logically – Frederiks Kirke.
Inside, the church has some magnificent frescos of the apostles and angels. Architecturally, the church is located at one end of an axis, which traverses the mid-point of the Amalienborg Palace Square and ends at the Opera House. It is unquestionably one of Copenhagen’s most impressive churches.